Goats are one of the oldest of domesticated animals, for thousands of years goats have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins, and of recent times, have gained popularity as pets. Female goats are referred to as does or nannies, breeding males as bucks or billies; their offspring are kids. Non-breeding males are wethers. The judging of goats consists of a process where each goat is assessed by the judge against the standard for its breed. This includes assessing it for its breed characteristics, its strengths and faults. Each goat is also assessed by the judge for its growth, size and weight for age. In the case of the milk producing dairy does, they are also assessed for the volume of milk they produce and the shape and attachment of their udder.
There are several breeds of dairy goats in Australia which are recognised by the Dairy Goat Society of Australia (DGSA). All the goats shown at the Newcastle Regional Show are registered pedigree stud animals.
Seven breeds of Dairy Goats can compete at Newcastle Show, these are Saanen, Toggenburg, British Alpine, Anglo Nubian, the Australian Melaan, Australian Brown and La Mancha.
The 2017 Newcastle Show will be the first show in New South Wales where La Mancha goats will be shown. They are the newest dairy goat to be recognised by the DGSA in 2016. Good quality, well fed dairy goats produce an average is 4 to 5 litres of milk per day, with some does producing as much as 8 to 10 litres per day. The dairy goats are judged in their age groups, that is milkers over 2 years of age, goatlings which are 12 months and under 2 years and not kidded, and the kid classes which are under 12 months. This is done in each individual breed first. The winners of each breed in each age group then compete for Senior Champion Doe, Junior Champion Doe and Champion Doe Kid. Then from these three age champions, the judge chooses the Grand Champion Doe. Buck are shown in three age groups, under 12 months, 12 months to 24 months and over 24 months. Because usually only a small number of bucks are shown, all breeds are judged in each age group. From the winners in each buck age group, the Judge will choose the Champion buck.
Then the finale is the Grand Champion Doe against the Grand Champion Buck. The winner is awarded the Best Exhibit Trophy, a much sought after prize.
Boer means farm in Dutch. Boer goats come to us from South Africa. The earliest recorded goats in Africa were brought to western Uganda by the Black Nations as early as AD 1200. Boer goats were developed in Southern Africa by breeding these ‘indigenous’ stock to European imports. Boer goats are hardy, very adaptable, meat animal that could survive the varied conditions while still maintaining a high birth rate, high survival rate, and a marketable meat carcass. Researchers have had little luck pinning down an exact line of decent for the modern Boer goat. Early breeders include such varied and inexact groups as the “Southern Bantu” people, the Namaqua Hottentots, the Indians (from India) and Europeans. Boer goats were first imported into Australia in 1988.
Health Declaration 2017: Health Declaration